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Ocean Shipment of Vaccines

In consideration of the volatile global economy, the growing costs of airfreight, and the risk associated with diminished air cargo capacity, project Optimize evaluated ocean freight as a potentially secure and economic alternative method to transport vaccines. This document describes the project’s methodology, findings, and recommendations.

Author: PATH, World Health Organization

Published: 2013

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297 KB PDF (Located at

Resource types: PATH resource, Fact sheet

Diseases/vaccines: Not disease/vaccine specific

Topics: Cold chain technologies, Supply chain and logistics systems

Regions: Global